What is the relationship between oral reading fluency and reading comprehension?
The relationship between oral reading fluency and reading comprehension is strong and complex and has been extensively researched (Crowder & Wagner, 1992; LaBerge & Samuels, 1974; Perfetti, 1985; Wolf & KatzirCohen, 2001). While a recognized relationship between oral reading fluency and comprehension exists, more research will further illuminate the nature of the reciprocal relationship. Reading fluency by itself is not sufficient for comprehension. Vocabulary and language knowledge also play a direct role in reading comprehension, and overall vocabulary instruction does improve comprehension (Stahl & Fairbanks, 1986). On the other hand, welldeveloped vocabulary and oral language skills by themselves are also not sufficient for reading comprehension. The student also must access the text fluently and automatically